The gut microbiome is a complex and fascinating ecosystem that resides in our digestive tract. It consists of a variety of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and other microbes that live in a symbiotic relationship with our bodies.
The composition and diversity of the gut microbiome can vary from person to person and are influenced by various factors such as diet, lifestyle, environment and genetics. A healthy diet rich in fibre and fermented foods helps to promote a balanced and diverse microbiome. Various health problems can occur if the gut microbiome is disturbed, a condition also known as dysbiosis. These problems include digestive disorders, inflammatory bowel diseases, metabolic disorders and allergies as well as mood and behavioural disorders.